This moro battle flag with crescent and star is in the collections of the Flag Heritage Foundation, U.S.A.; the flag was obtained in 1976 by Dr. Clarence R. Rungee, he obtained the flag probably in 1950 from a family witch had saved it as a war souvenir from someone who served during the moro insurrections of 1898 - 1906.
The crescent appears on flags only after 1899.
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This flag , now in a private collection in Orem, , Utah was reputedly captured by Captain Frank W. Jennings , Battery C, 1st Utah light Artillery . .
The shape of the stars (in this case four pointed stars )seems do not have particular meaning; sometimes it depends on the fancy of the people who made the flag.
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Kris and spear are (with the barung ) some of the traditional arms of the Sulu area.
On the moro battle flag or Sultanate of Sulu battle flag we can find them in two different positions: crossed or with kris and spear parallel.
This flag is in the collections of the Chicago Field Museum, acquired from Major Louis Fuch in 1906.
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This Sulu flag is in the Chicago Field Museum, U.S.A. we can note the stylized shape of the spear and the stars.
The flag was acquired from Major Louis Fuch in 1906.
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This is one of the few flags known of a Sulu battle flag with flowers.
The stylized flowers are very common in the flags of the Sultanate before 1899; sometimes the four or five petals of the flowers are in number of five (the five territories of the Sultanate of Sulu ) but always on the white stripe at the hoist of the flag.
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Another typical Sultanate battle flag with kris , simbilan and five stars; note the blue canton parallel to the blue stripe at the hoist.
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The canton of this flag differs to the other flags; it is in dark blue cotton with square of white cotton having four squares cut in each quadrant.
We can't find out the five stars but we find the crescent added to the kris and spear.
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This interesting moro battle flag doesn't have the traditional five stars on the blue canton in the hoist, instead of them there is a symbol like a flower with four petals, with a red center made in silk.
On the field of the flag there are three symbols, without identification and the "Zul-fiqar" or "sword of Ali ", who according to the legend was given to Ali by the Prophet Mohammed to fight against the unfaithfuls.
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The flag, donated in may 23, 1922 by Mr. Arthur R. Fergusson now is in the collections of the Smithsonian Institute, U.S.A.
Is a classic Battle flag of the Sultanate with an unknown symbol on it.
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This flag has crossed spear and kris.
The kris is one of the traditional symbols of the Sultanate of Sulu.
It represent the male element and has got a magic and ritual meaning.
WE have three types of kris : the kalis seko,with fully wave blade, the kalis taluseko with half waved/half straight blade and the kalis tulid with straight blade.
On the moro battle flags the most represented is the kalis tulid, the kris with straight blade.
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The symbol on this flag is an enigma, for some scholars it represent a white cotton flowering and leaved plant having a black cotton center; for someone it represent an helmet with feathers , typical of the moros derived from the spanish" morion " .
The feathers are represented by the okir or ukil motifs.
The black symbol is an enigna too.
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This sultanate flag has three differents kind of symbols : on the left side we find the
" zul -fiqar" or "sword of Ali " , in the central position there is a white building, maybe the Sultan's palace, surrounding by a floreal arc.
For some scholars this symbol is the royal platform inside the palace of the Sultan ; for someone else it represents the Mecca Door surrounding by okir motifs.
On the right side the crossed kris and budjak (spear ) are some of the traditional symbols of the Sultanate after 1899.