FLAGS AND SYMBOLS OF THE ROYAL SULTANATES OF MAGUINDANAO - 1 - ROYAL PANJI

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FLAGS AND SYMBOLS OF THE ROYAL SULTANATES OF MAGUINDANAO - 1

Yellow is one of the colors of the Maguindanao royalty but sometimes it is associated with green and red.
In the Maguindanao mythology yellow is associated with the water element.
FLAG OF ASHRAF SULTAN MOHAMMAD SAMALAM ISKANDER QUADRATULLAH FAHARUDDIN.**

The notes of the Museum 's Collection related to this flag are the following: " Flag of Datto Atto, the only Datto of pure blood on the island of Mindanao, presented to Lt. Col. Webb Hayes in exchange for a U. S. Flag from the gun boat ”York Town.” .

The measures of the standard , cotton made, are : 53x105 inches circa.
At present it is in the collections of The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center, Ohio, U.S.A. .

The right translation of the words on the flag are :
La ilaha illa (this word is missing in the flag) Allah, Mohammad Rasul Allah. sanu'ad 'ala Allah.
Bahua ini panjih Ashraf Sultan Mohammad Samalam Iskandar Quadaratullah Faharuddin.
The translation:in english is : There is no God but God and Mohammad is his apostle. We return to Him (Allah). This is the flag of Ashraf Sultan Mohammad Samalam Iskandar Quadratullah Faharuddin.
The word Ashraf could be miss spelled. It should be Al-Sharif (denoting a religious significance)
SAMBOLAYAN *

According to some scholars the Maguindanao version of the sambolayan has three standard trailing only.
They represent the Royal Sultanates of Maguindanao, Buayan and Kabuntalan.
The three trailings are equal to signify the equal powers of the three Royal Sultanates.
Luçon et Mindanao. Extraits d'un journal de voyage dans l'Extrême Orient. Avec une carte de l'archipel des Philippines
Alençon, Ferdinand Philippe Marie d'Orleans, duc d' 1844-1910.

...la Cota de Sanditan, au-dessous de laquelle flottent deux drapeau rouge et blanc. ....



MAGUINDANAO FLAG

Flag flyng on the kota of Sanditan, Cotabato in 1867 circa


PART OF THE FLEET OF THE SULTAN OF MAGUINDANAO
MAGUINDANAO FLAG

Maguindanao flag flying on the fleet of the Sultan, the colors are unknown.
FLAG OF THE SULTAN OF COTABATO, 1899

From an article of the New York Times dated february 4, 1900 :

"... This flag, here shown for the first time, is red in color, of the usual rectangular shape,and with various devices in white.The two lozenge-shaped figures stand for Luzon and Viscaya, while the large central figure is for the island of Mindanao.The peculiar stopper-shaped object at the end stands for the power of the Sultan, while the outlines of the figure are to represent the irregularities of Mindanao's cost line, wich is here , however, made to appear symmetrical. ..."



The american journalist made his personal interpretation of this flag but this interpretation shown how so ignorant he was on Moro history , culture and religion .
the two lozenge-shaped are stylized flowers with four petals and they represented clearly the spiritual and temporal power of the Sultan .
It is very clear that the central big symbol placed on the red field was a"Zulfikar" or ." the sword of Ali " not the shape of Mindanao .
The other symbol placed under the two points of the sword do represents the dome of a Mosque . The zulfikar in this case protected the Mosque , a sacred place.
COLLECTION OF MAGUINDANAO LANTAKAS BELONGING TO DATU UTO

This collection of Maguindanao lantakas was a part of the equipment belonging to Datu Uto.
LANTAKA

The lantaka was a long and heavy brass cannon, it guarded the kotas and the rancherias.
The lantaka was also a symbol of rank and high status.
LANTAKA
MORO SWORDS

A display of some moro weapons : from lef to right we can see three different types of kris, a kampilan, some barungs or barongs and another weapon called panabas.
Particularly the kris has got a talismanic meaning and is symbol of male element.
We can find out three different kris blade styles:
the straight blade is called Kalis Tulid in bahasa sug and Matidto and Sundang in Maguindanao and Maranao languages.
The half-wawed / half - straight blade is called: Kalis Taluseko in Tausug language and Luma and Ranti in Maguindanao and Maranao languages.
The fully wawed blade is called Kalis Seko in Tausug and Lanti and Seko in Maguindanao and Maranao.
* Pictures of Bobby Timonera

** Thanks to Ron Zambarrano
who discovered this flag
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